Autoclave



The autoclave is a device used to sterilize (deep clean) medical instruments. It did not start out as a medical instrument. In fact, the autoclave was originally invented and promoted as a method for preparing food by French physician Denis Papin. Papin called his invention a "steam digester." He described his "New Digester" in a 1681 pamphlet, emphasizing the benefits of using the device to process food for easier digestion (the process by which food is broken down for absorption into, or elimination out of the body).

The autoclave is a pressure cooker. A pressure cooker is a container with an airtight lid that traps steam from boiling water. The steam increases the pressure inside the cooker, which raises the water's boiling point. The higher temperature kills bacteria much faster than at lower temperatures. The pressure cooker includes a safety valve to prevent explosion if the steam pressure gets too high.

The scientific basis for sterilization remained a mystery until the work of French chemist Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) became widely known and accepted. Pasteur's investigations in the 1850s dealt originally with food, something the autoclave was originally designed to process. In his

Louis Pasteur's search for a solution to the spoilage of beer and wine eventually led to the adoption of the autoclave as a tool for medical instrument sterilization.
Louis Pasteur's search for a solution to the spoilage of beer and wine eventually led to the adoption of the autoclave as a tool for medical instrument sterilization.
search for a solution to the spoilage of wine and beer, Pasteur found that bacteria was killed at 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Applying this to his scientific methods, Pasteur invented the sterile technique of boiling or heating instruments to kill microorganisms. It was Pasteur's efforts that brought about the eventual use of the autoclave as a standard medical tool.



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Ohansede Moses
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Apr 14, 2006 @ 9:21 pm
Really appreciate the effort of a great invention of Autoclave by Louis P. He really did a wonderful work that keeped the entired world wide about the essential used of Autoclave. May God bless Him.

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